The bladder is an important organ in the human body and it lies in the lower pelvis area. The main functionality of the bladder is urine which is a waste produced in both the kidneys. This urine is carried from the bladder to the ureter, and then to the urethra.
The bladder is comprised of flexible, muscular walls and it stretches, squeezes for removing toxins from the body. Bladder cancer occurs when few cells start developing abnormally and without any control.
During the development process, these cells take the shape of a tumor along spread to other body parts.
What are the various types of Bladder Cancer?
1. Urothelial Carcinoma (Transitional Cell Carcinoma)
The cells that cause bladder cancer is called urothelial carcinoma, better known as transitional cell carcinoma. This is one of the most common types of bladder cancer that occurs in a human being.
If you are diagnosed with bladder cancer, then it confirms the presence of urothelial carcinoma in your bladders. The source of these cancer cells is found between the inside of your bladder.
Moreover, these urothelial cells start affecting the entire urinary system such as the kidneys, ureter, and urethra. For this purpose, the entire urinary system needs to be checked thoroughly for the presence of tumors.
2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
These cancer cells are associated with chronic bladder irritation. Since this infection is related to skin, therefore, the patient needs to be on a catheter for a longer time. However, this type of infection is caused because of schistosomiasis.
This type of cancer starts growing in your body that is responsible for secreting mucus. However, reports of adenocarcinoma cancer are rare along with being invasive.
4. Small Cell Carcinoma
Nearly 1 percent of all small cell carcinoma are small cell carcinomas. Though the main source of this cancer cell growth is found in neuroendocrine cells.
These cancer cells have the tendency to grow fast. It should be treated on an immediate basis through chemotherapy that is similar to treating small cell carcinoma in the lungs.
These cancer cells start their growth in the muscles of your bladder. However, these cancer cells are rarely found and it is a less common type of bladder cancer.
Growth and Spread of Bladder Cancer Cells
The bladder consists of many layers, and all these layers are made from various other forms of cells. The most common type of cancer that occurs in the bladder is the urothelial or transitional epithelium.
During their growth, these cancer cells start developing into other parts of your body in the bladder. This is referred to as higher stage or advanced, and treatment of these cancer cells becomes tough.
What is the Difference between Non-invasive and Invasive Types of Bladder Cancer
All bladder cancer can be described into two categories such as:
- Non-invasive – These cancer cells lies are found in the inner layer cells. However, this type of cancer never affects the deeper layers of your body.
- Invasive – These types grow into your innermost parts of the bladder. These cancer cells become tougher during treatment and spread fast to your entire body.
Symptoms Bladder Cancer Growth
The most common symptoms during bladder cancer include:
- Back pain
- Frequent and painful urination
- Hematuria (Blood in urine)
Stages and Grading in Bladder Cancer
These are the most important aspects for measuring the impact and development of the cancer cells in your body.
Depending on the grade of the tumor, it will inform about how fast bladder cancer grows.
The stage refers to how much cancer has spread to your other body parts.
If bladder cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, then it becomes easy to treat. However, in some cases, these bladder cancers can recur even after you have received successful treatment. This is the reason that many doctors advise for follow-up test since it there is a slight chance for recurrence.
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